Training of Trainers (ToT) on Anti-Human Trafficking for Law Enforcing Officials and Public Prosecutors

The assignment is an activity under the project entitled “Technical Assistance to the Government of Bangladesh in Strengthening Reponses to human trafficking” which is implanted by UNODC in partnership with Ministry of Home Affairs, GoB.

Objective of the ToT:
The objective of the training was to develop a resource pool namely Trainers among Law Enforcing Officials and Public Prosecutors on proper investigation and prosecution of human trafficking cases following the Prosecution and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, 2012.

Expected Outcome:

  • A resource pool of law enforcing officials and public prosecutors will be developed for imparting further training at grassroots level officials and disseminating messages.
  • Stakeholders will be capable to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases based on the Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, 2012 and National Plan of Action for Combating Human Trafficking 2012-2014.
  • Coordination and cooperation among key stakeholders will be enhanced in prosecuting human trafficking cases.

Activities implemented:

  • Organized a two-day long Training of Trainers (ToT) on human trafficking for law enforcing officials and public prosecutors at Dhaka on 9-10 July 2014 as per assignment of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
  • A total of about 27 personnel attended as participants of the training of whom 16 were police officials, 3 were from Attorney General’s Office, 2 were from Bangladesh Coast Guard and 1 was from BGB and 5 were NGO representatives.


Conducting Training on Human Trafficking for law enforcing officials and public prosecutors (Khulna, Barisal, Rajshahi and Rangpur Divisions)

Objectives of the trainings:
The objective of the training was to assist the Government of Bangladesh in preventing human trafficking through effective and strengthened law enforcement capacities, provide protection and assistance to trafficked victims through establishment of national referral mechanisms and increased cooperation between the criminal justice system and civil society.

Outcome:
Enhanced capacity in investigation and prosecution of cases against human trafficking in line with the newly enacted comprehensive law on human trafficking. The training will be organized at the peripheral level that is division and district levels.

Activities implemented:

  • Organized 6 two-day long trainings in 6 districts of Khulna and Barisal divisions with 189 participants of whom 157 are law enforcing officials and 32 are public prosecutors. Among law enforcing officials 119 police officials, 30 BGB and 8 Coast Guard officials and 32 were Public Prosecutors during December 2014.
  • The law enforcing officials are of the rank from Assistant Sub-Inspector to Inspector and equivalent ranks as well as Public Prosecutors included Public Prosecutors, Special Public Prosecutor, Additional Public Prosecutors and Assistant Public Prosecutors.
  • The trainings were organized with coordination and cooperation of UNODC, Police Headquarters, Range DIG office Khulna and Barisal, respective SP office, BGB headquarters and Coast Guard Bangladesh as well as respective Public Prosecutor’s Office.


Gateway to Employment and Economic Empowerment for Survivors of Trafficking: 2014-2015

Objective of the project:
Empowerment of survivors and potential victims of trafficking, sexual exploitation through improvement of their socio-economic condition.

Background of the project:
Over three years experience of placement of women and girls in jobs, CWCS learned survivors and potential victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation who have young children could not continue their services at garment factory in Dhaka and they left the job to join with their young children. Moreover, adolescent girls of below 18 years old are declared underage to be employed in garment factory by the authority. Moreover, some women and girls left the jobs after reconciliation with their husbands, some became sick and some could not cope with the working environment in garment factory.

On the other hand, in 2014 Bangladesh Garments Manufacturing and Exporting Authority (BGMEA) decided to reduce recruiting workers as helpers and they set criteria that those women and girls who have been completed at least primary education can be qualified to join as helpers. As a consequence, many survivors and potential victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation could not be placed in jobs at garment factory.

Therefore, in 2014, CWCS planned to include an activity to develop skills of survivors and potential victims on tailoring in Satkhira district and provided a sewing machine to each of trained women and girls at free of cost so that they can be involved in Income Generating Activities (IGA) staying at home or working in a shop in their areas.

In 2014, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed with some clauses between Centre for Women and Children Studies and The Ananata Garment Factory regarding job placement of survivors and potential victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation at garment factory in Dhaka.

Activities implemented:

Activitiy 1:
Identification of survivors/potential victims of trafficking of Satkhira district, in- service training and job placement in the garment factory at Dhaka:

  • About 40 survivors and potential victims of above the age of 18 years were identified and selected among survivors of trafficking, sexual exploitation, victims of domestic violence and suffered from extreme poverty.
  • An agreement signed with between guardians of survivors or potential victims and Centre for Women and Children Studies regarding their job placement in Dhaka.
  • At present 29 victims are working at the garment factory and are earning from taka 6,200-8,200 per month including overtime payment.
  • There is a 24 hour hotline number at CWCS office to communicate with concerned CWCS staff and key stakeholders. Survivors, their guardians and authority of the garment factory can communicate for any urgent need at any time and CWCS rush to provide necessary support.
  • Maintained continuous liaison and communication by CWCS staff to cooperate them for their well-being.

Activities 2:
Involvement of survivors and potential victims in Income Generating Activities (IGA):

  • About 20 survivors and potential victims (6 were trafficked victims, 5 were sexually exploited, 2 were victims of domestic violence and 7 were potential victims) were provided with training on tailoring and sewing in two batches at the training centre set up by CWCS in Sakhira district. One in 7 August- 7 November 2014 (three months) in one shift for 10 survivors and potential victims and the training of another batch was held during November-December 2014 in double shifts.
  • They were also provided with sewing machines at free of cost.
  • At present, the trained up women and girls are earning money by making dress at their home. About 10 girls have resumed their studies and bear their educational expenditure with their own earnings.
  • Other women are supporting their families with their earnings of amount taka 1,000-2,500 per month. They are hopeful that they will be self-reliant and also be empowered with education, skills and decision making roles in their families and community.

Activity 3:
Organized 20 Courtyard meetings with women and girls in remote villages on the issues of trafficking and sexual exploitation as well as rehabilitation of victims by providing them job placement in garment factory as well as imparting training on tailoring and sewing with a sewing machine at free of cost:

  • About 619 vulnerable village women in Debhata, Kaliganj, Satkhira Sadar and Kalaroa upazilas attended the courtyard meetings.
  • About 7 victims were identified by the participants of the courtyard meetings of whom 5 were placed in garment factory and 2 were provided training on tailoring and sewing.
  • The participants identified that lack of education and dowry demand leads unmarried girls to be crazy of seeking jobs within the country and overseas employment and become victims of trafficking. Men and women are going to India to work in brick field while male persons work as labourers, their wives are engaged in cooking food of workers but these women also face exploitation there.


Integrated Health service oriented referral system for victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable Situation in Satkhira district, Bangladesh

After phase out of the project entitled Integrated health service oriented referral system for victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in Vulnerable Situation in Sathkira district, Bangladesh in December 2013, Centre for Women and Children Studies (CWCS) is running the health care services including counselling and shelter services at IHB and CWCS Counsellor’s room at Satkhira Sadar hospital for survivors of trafficking and sexual exploitation in Satkhira district in own funding.

Project goal and objectives:
General Objective: To enable the right to health of victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation in Satkhira district, Bangladesh.

Specific Objective: To improve an integrated health service oriented referral system by MoHFW, law enforcing agencies, and NGOs (duty bearers) for victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situations (right holders) in Satkhira district, Bangladesh.

Project outcomes are:

  • Outcome 1: Enabled access to quality information and services directed to victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation (right holders).
  • Outcome 2: Promoted concerted efforts and improved coordination among Community Watch Committee members (health service providers, law enforcing agencies, NGOs and Counter Trafficking Committees at district, upazila and union levels (duty bearers).
  • Outcome 3: Increased Capacity and involvement of health service providers (duty bearers) to enable the provision of integrated health services directed to victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation (right holders).

Project activities:
Activity 1.1:
Continuation of the provision of integrated health services through the Information Health Booth and the specialized hotline services to address health risks and consequences of victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation in Debhata and Kaliganj upazilas as well as the extension of such services to Satkhira Sadar and Kalaroa upazilas: 123 victims were provided healthcare services at IHB thorough referral system with government hospitals and NGO facilities during January- December 2014.

Activity 1.2:
Continuation of a transit shelter facility for victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation referred by police, Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB), health service providers, government officials and other stakeholders: The survivors were provided with food, healthcare services, recreation facilities and made aware about the issues of trafficking and sexual exploitation and safe return to home. About 40 survivors of trafficking and sexual exploitation were provided shelter services at transit shelter facility during January- December 2014. Of them, some were provided training on sewing and dress making and some were placed in jobs at garment factory.

Activity 1.3:
Providing counselling services at the Information Health Booth to victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation and those in vulnerable situation: 123 victims were provided counselling services at the Information Health Booth and CWCS room at Satkhira Sadar hospital during January- December 2014.